Chapter 2 contextualizes the emergence of the President’s securitized policy. It begins with the breakdown of the 1992 peace process and the securitized strategies that undermined efforts for political resolution on both sides of the conflict. The chapter provides the background to the last decade of war and the shifting priorities of elite survival that informed the post-war rebuilding strategy. It briefly describes the steps taken by the presidency to ensure an outright military victory over UNITA. This chapter explains Angola’s post-conflict stabilization strategy, bringing to the fore the many contradictions that began to take root. The ‘Angola rising’ perspective was crafted on the ambitions of a self-defined exceptionalist stance of modernity, development, and untouchability. The country transitioned from armed conflict to armed peace.