Investor Alert: Watch Out for Fraudulent Digital Asset and “Crypto” Trading Websites | CFTC

The SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy (OIEA) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s Office of Customer Education and Outreach (CFTC) warn investors to scrutinize investment opportunities through websites purporting to operate advisory and trading businesses related to digital assets. These websites often contain “red flags” of fraud including claims of high guaranteed returns and promises that the investments carry little or even no risk. 
SEC and CFTC staff have recently observed investing victimize where fraudsters tout digital asset or “ cryptocurrency ” advisory and trade businesses. In some cases, the fraudsters claim to invest customers ’ funds in proprietary crypto trade systems or in “ mine ” farms. The fraudsters promise high guaranteed returns ( for exemplar, 20-50 % ) with little or no hazard .
After the investors make an investment, typically using a digital asset such as Bitcoin, the fraudsters in some cases stop communicating with the investors all in all. These fraudsters can cursorily send your money oversea, with short luck of you being able to get it back. Sometimes the fraudsters direct investors to pay extra costs ( such as aim taxes ) to withdraw fake “ profits ” earned from the investment. This is an example of an advance tip fraud victimize, where investors are asked to pay a bogus fee in progress of receiving proceeds, money, stock, or warrants .
On April 24, 2019, the United States Attorney ’ sulfur Office for the District of Oregon announced an indictment against two nigerian citizens, Onwuemerie Ogor Gift ( aka Onwuemerie Ogor ) and Kelvin Usifoh, on one consider of conspiracy to commit cable fraud, eleven counts of cable fraud, and one count of conspiracy to commit money laundering. The indictment alleges that the defendants engaged in a system to defraud whereby they solicited investments of bitcoin through certain websites that promised investors a 20-50 percentage rejoinder on investments, “ zero risk ” and instantaneous withdrawals. The indictment far alleges that, despite the claims on the websites, the defendants told victims to deposit more bitcoins in ordain to receive the proceeds of their investments and never returned any funds to the victims. The indictment specifically alleges that the defendants are affiliated with three websites :,, and

We urge investors to be on the lookout for any of these warning signs of investment fraud :

  • “Guaranteed” high investment returns. All investments have risk, and investors should question any so-called “guaranteed” return. Be wary of anyone who promises that you will receive a high rate of return on your investment, especially with little or no risk. Claims such as “risk-free”, “zero risk”, “absolutely safe”, and “guaranteed profit” are hallmarks of a fraud. 
  • Complicated jargon and language that is difficult to understand. Fraudsters often use complex new technologies to perpetrate investment schemes. They can claim their technology is highly secret. Investors should always be suspicious of hard to understand pitches that accompany promises of outsized returns. Sometimes the language includes spelling, grammar, and typographical errors that can make the description confusing – another red flag the “investment” could be a scam. 
  • Unlicensed sellers. Many investment frauds involve unlicensed individuals or unregistered firms. Check license and registration status on 
  • Sounds too good to be true. If the investment sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Remember that investments providing higher returns typically involve more risk. 
  • Unsolicited offers. An unsolicited sales pitch may be part of a fraudulent investment scheme. Exercise extreme caution if you receive an unsolicited communication—meaning you didn’t ask for it and don’t know the sender—about an investment opportunity. Fraudsters may use fake names and misleading photos, and also provide U.S. phone numbers even though they may be operating abroad. 
  • Pressure to buy RIGHT NOW. Fraudsters may try to create a false sense of urgency to get in on the investment. Take your time researching an investment opportunity before handing over your money.

Before making any investment, carefully read any materials you are given and verify the truth of every affirmation you are told about the investing. For more data about how to inquiry an investment, read OIEA ’ s publication Ask Questions. Investigate the individuals and firms offering the investment, and check out their backgrounds on and by contacting your country securities governor. besides, check on-line for disciplinary history with the CFTC and visit the RED List, which features entities that have been identified as acting in a capacity that appears to require adjustment, but they are not appropriately registered with the CFTC. Investors can besides use SALI to find information about certain people who have had judgments or orders issued against them in SEC court actions or administrative proceedings .
If you have already invested in an offering you think may be fraudulent or you have been asked to pay additional money to get back money from an investment, report it to the SEC or CFTC. 

Additional Resources 

Spotlight on Initial Coin Offerings and Digital Assets
ICO – Howeycoins
SEC Enforcement Actions :
Call OIEA at 1-800-732-0330, ask a question using this on-line form, or email us at [ electronic mail protected ].

Visit, the SEC ’ s web site for person investors .
welcome Investor Alerts and Bulletins from OIEA by electronic mail or RSS feed .
Follow OIEA on Twitter @ SEC_Investor_Ed. Like OIEA on Facebook at .
Visit, the CFTC ’ sulfur dedicated web site for Bitcoin and Virtual Currency educational resources, which includes podcasts, brochures and the downstairs customer advisories :
Visit the RED List, a resource that helps traders identify foreign entities that are not registered with the CFTC, but appear to be operating in a capability that requires adjustment .
Call CFTC at 1-866-366-2382, submit a point using this on-line form, or email us at [ electronic mail protected ]
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Follow CFTC on Twitter @ CFTC. Like CFTC on Facebook at hypertext transfer protocol : // .
The Office of Investor Education and Advocacy has provided this information as a service to investors. It is neither a legal interpretation nor a statement of SEC policy. If you have questions concerning the meaning or application of a particular law or rule, please consult with an attorney who specializes in securities law. 
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission’s Office of Customer Education and Outreach provided this information for general informational purposes only and does not provide legal or investment advice to any individual or entity. Please consult with your own legal adviser before taking any action based on this information. 

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